One doesn’t see many new PMA preemption issues raised, but we found a case that does just that – Vincent v. Medtronic, Inc., 2016 WL 7374271 (N.D. Ill. Dec. 20, 2016). We are used to seeing plaintiffs try to use off-label use to circumvent PMA preemption. Just check out any of our Infuse posts to see how badly that has worked out for plaintiffs. They largely unsuccessfully have argued that if a product is used off-label, it is used for a purpose for which its PMA approval does not apply and therefore, the PMA requirements likewise don’t apply which plaintiffs contend means preemption should not apply. The courts have disagreed.
In Vincent, plaintiffs tried a similar end run around preemption. Plaintiff underwent surgical implantation of a pacemaker on February 12, 2004. The pacemaker lead used in the surgery was a Class III, PMA medical device. Shortly before plaintiff’s surgery, Medtronic had submitted the lead for supplemental pre-market approval. The approval was granted on March 10, 2004. Id. at *1. Ten years later, plaintiff had to undergo explant surgery due to a fractured lead and then filed a products liability suit. Id. at *2. In addition to standard claims based on failure to warn and design defect, plaintiff alleged that the lead had not received FDA approval at the time of the initial procedure, which was not disclosed to plaintiff or his surgeon. Id.