The Xarelto personal injury claims settled in 2019 after six bellwether trials all ended with defense verdicts.  What remained, until now, were several third-party payor (health insurers, “TPPs”) actions that have been dormant for almost six years.  Despite the passage of time, the motions before the court in 2021 were to dismiss under Rules 12(b)(6)

To bring suit in federal court, a plaintiff must have “Article III standing.” That is to say, the plaintiff must have a personal stake in the suit’s outcome. This is true whether a plaintiff is suing individually or as a member of a class.

Late last week, in TransUnion v. Ramirez, — S. Ct.